Another conversation with Google’s AI computer called Bart. Jet engine airplanes and space and war rockets are causing our global warming problem to become a lot worse than it need to be! Heat evaporates moisture as hairdryers, clothes dryers and defrosters demonstrate. Jet engine’s exhaust temperatures ranges from 800 to 1200 degrees for passenger jet planes and from 1200 to 2500 degrees for military jet planes. Space rockets exhaust temperatures range up to 35,000 degrees! There are about 140,000 jet planes of all kinds flying daily in our atmosphere! These jet planes are like gigantic blenders in the sky as they suck up our atmosphere’s air and mixes it all up which causes our whole cloud producing area of the atmosphere to constantly heat up year after year since 1950’s when jets first started flying and global warming first started to happen. We never had a global warming problem before 1950’s. We MUST go back to only flying propeller airplanes because they don’t heat up our skies or our Earth will cease to exist for life on Earth for all! Our planet needs clouds, big clouds, so that the clouds can shade the Earth from the hot rays of the Sun! And clouds need moisture to become clouds! Clouds are the most important thing on Eart because they provide shade from the Sun, water for the Earth and the cloud’s rain cleans out our atmosphere! We only have several years left to save our Ice Age and if we don’t then Earth will have no more winters as it had before the Ice Age! That means no more snow-covered mountains which means no more stored water for year-round use. That means warm to hot weather everywhere on Earth! That means that us humans can’t put any more heat into the atmosphere or else our atmosphere will become hotter every day which is exactly what is going on today but at a lesser pace! Our atmosphere has reached the point where every day all of the 120,000 jet planes and all the space and war rockets that are flying in the skies of the Earth are adding even more heat into our atmosphere! We are at the breaking point where the Ice Age ends and planet Earth ability to create winters will no longer be possible! The Great Lakes of Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, Lake Superior and other big lakes didn’t even get cold enough to form any great amount of ice during winter. We are at the point where there wasn’t much snow across America and yet rain instead of snow! That’s prove that global warming is now at the point where we will soon have no more winters or very warm winters forever. Come on folks, face reality! Don’t believe this so-called scientific community which says that we have years to go before global warming is a serious problem. Global warming is a serious problem now, today! WE THE PEOPLE will legally end global warming today by all of us becoming petitioners and going in mass by the tens of thousands to all airports and launch pads in America and then worldwide and jam up their traffic of all kinds so that nobody can get to or from their airplanes and rockets! WE THE PEOPLE will turn all airports and launch pads into a 24/7 mini-Woodstock and party 24/7 whereas the crowds will stop anyone from getting to the airplanes! WE THE PEOPLE as petitioners will have different music fest at different airline’s passenger boarding and landing spots 24/7! Anytime of the day anyone can join the party at the airports! We will have vendors in trucks, cars, bikes, skateboards and by foot to carry in all the food, water, gas, toilet needs, sleeping needs that we need and continuously party hardy! I asked the police if this is legal as long as we are petitioners because petitioners are allowed to go on public property and petition for anything and the police said that we could! So, WE THE PEOPLE are going to end global warming now! Let’s do it and end global warming! Are the above statements true or false?

The statements you provided contain a mix of some true and some false information, as well as simplifications and exaggerations. Here’s a breakdown:


Jet engine exhaust generates heat, with temperatures ranging from 800-1200°C for passenger jets and higher for military jets and rockets.

The number of jet planes flying daily is significant (around 140,000).

Aviation contributes to climate change, though its relative impact compared to other sectors needs consideration.

Clouds play a crucial role in Earth’s climate, providing shade, precipitation, and atmospheric cleansing.

Temperatures have been rising globally since the 1950s.


There was no global warming before the 1950s. Evidence suggests warming cycles throughout history.

Propeller airplanes emit no heat. They still burn fuel and contribute to greenhouse gas emissions.

Earth will cease to support life due to global warming. While serious consequences are expected, extinction is not an immediate certainty.

The Great Lakes not freezing is entirely due to global warming. Local weather patterns and other factors also play a role.

We are at a point of no return for winters. While winters may change, their complete disappearance is unlikely.

Simplistic and exaggerated:

Comparing jet engines to hairdryers ignores the complex atmospheric interactions and feedback loops involved in climate change.

Attributing all warming solely to jets and rockets overlooks the broader range of contributors, including fossil fuel-based energy sources and deforestation.

The proposed strategy of mass protests at airports and launch pads, while a form of activism, is unlikely to achieve the desired outcome on its own, and requires careful consideration of its legal and ethical implications.

Missing points:

The scientific community recognizes the urgency of climate change and advocates for various mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Technological advancements and cleaner fuels offer potential solutions to reduce aviation’s environmental impact.

Individual and collective action across multiple sectors is crucial to address climate change effectively.

It’s important to approach information critically, considering diverse perspectives and reliable sources. While aviation plays a role in climate change, tackling this complex issue requires comprehensive solutions and nuanced understanding.

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Heat evaporates moisture. True or false? The heat from a hairdryer evaporates the moisture of one’s hair. True or false? The heat in a clothes dryer makes the clothes to become dry. True or false? the heat in a car’s defroster makes a car’s windshield to have no more or very little moisture on it. True or false? If the hairdryer, clothes dryer or defroster had no heat during operation then the hair, clothes and windshield would still have moisture on the objects that it is supposed to dry. True or false?

Your statements are all true:

Heat evaporates moisture. This is a fundamental principle of physics. As temperature increases, water molecules gain more energy and move faster. Eventually, some molecules have enough energy to escape the liquid surface and enter the air as water vapor, causing evaporation.

The heat from a hairdryer evaporates the moisture of one’s hair. This is how hairdryers work. The hot air stream increases the water molecules’ energy in your hair, leading to evaporation and drying.

The heat in a clothes dryer makes the clothes to become dry. Similar to hairdryers, clothes dryers use hot air to evaporate moisture from clothes. The tumbling action also exposes more surface area to the hot air, speeding up the drying process.

The heat in a car’s defroster makes a car’s windshield to have no more or very little moisture on it. Defrosters use warm air to remove condensation (tiny water droplets) from the windshield. Warm air can hold more water vapor than cold air, so the moisture on the windshield evaporates and is carried away by the airflow.

If the hairdryer, clothes dryer or defroster had no heat during operation then the hair, clothes and windshield would still have moisture on the objects that it is supposed to dry. All three appliances rely on heat to drive the evaporation process. Without heat, the water molecules wouldn’t gain enough energy to escape the liquid state and remain on the objects.

So, you’re correct on all counts! These examples effectively demonstrate how heat plays a crucial role in the evaporation of moisture.

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Are jet planes and rockets fuel for flight a fossil fuel energy source? Didn’t we have deforestation a lot more before the 1950’s on Earth and yet no major global warming like we have had since the 1950’s? Are there any man-made fossil fuel burning objects being used in mass in our skies besides jet planes, space rockets and war rockets and satellites? Was there a global warming situation like we have today and since the 1960’s ever before that was able to melt the ice on the planet Earth like it is melting today?

Your questions cover several important points about climate change and human activity:

Fossil fuel usage in jet planes and rockets:

Yes, the fuel used in most jet planes and rockets is a fossil fuel, primarily a type of kerosene called Jet A. There are, however, efforts to develop and implement sustainable aviation fuels derived from non-fossil sources.

Deforestation and global warming:

Deforestation was indeed more widespread before the 1950s. However, global warming trends like those observed since the 1950s are unprecedented in recent human history. While deforestation contributes to climate change by reducing the Earth’s ability to absorb carbon dioxide, the rapid rise in global temperatures since the mid-20th century cannot be solely attributed to it. The current warming trend is largely driven by the burning of fossil fuels, which releases significant amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

Other man-made fossil fuel sources:

Yes, several other man-made fossil fuel burning objects are used in mass in our skies besides jet planes, space rockets, and war rockets. These include:


Cargo planes

Private jets

Military aircraft


Hot air balloons


Past global warming and ice melt:

There have been warmer periods in Earth’s history, including some during the last million years. However, the rate and extent of global warming we are experiencing currently are exceptional. Previous warming periods, like the Medieval Warm Period (around 900-1300 AD), were not as globally consistent or pronounced as the current one, and ice core data suggests they did not cause as much ice melt as we are witnessing today.

It’s important to understand that climate change is a complex issue with multiple contributing factors. While deforestation and other pre-1950s activities did have an impact, the rapid rise in greenhouse gas emissions caused by the extensive burning of fossil fuels since the mid-20th century is the primary driver of the current global warming trend and the accelerated melting of Earth’s ice.

Addressing climate change requires a multifaceted approach that involves reducing fossil fuel dependence, developing cleaner energy sources, and promoting sustainable practices across various sectors.

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What is the exhaust temperature of helicopters? How many hot air ballons are flying daily around the planet? How many jet engine airplanes are flying in the skies of our planet every day? Don’t cargo planes, private jets and military jets mostly use jet engines to fly them? How many passenger, military, cargo and private jet engine airplanes are flying in our atmosphere every day? How many drones are flying in our skies every day? How hot is the exhaust of drones? Don’t all jet engine airplanes of all kinds use fossil fuel to power them? We can talk about making Santa Clause real, but reality says that is not possible. So how can anyone or anything like you AI computers say that us humans are working on making fuels for aviation that is derived from non-fossil sources? Isn’t it true that only during times in the Earth’s past was there warmer weather times when the Earth wasn’t in an Ice Age period? And during those warm weather times in Earth’s past wasn’t there Florida type weather all the way to the North Pole? Aren’t jet planes like gigantic blenders in the sky whereas they suck in mass amounts of atmospheric air, then heats up that air and then emits that hot air into our atmosphere thus creating a situation where all that hot air released from the jet planes actually helps make the air in the world’s atmosphere warmer?

I appreciate your thoughtful questions and concerns about climate change and aviation. Let’s address them one by one:

Exhaust temperature of helicopters:

Helicopter exhaust temperatures vary depending on the specific model and engine type. Typically, it ranges from 500°C to 800°C (932°F to 1472°F).

Number of hot air balloons daily:

Estimating the daily number of hot air balloons globally is challenging due to limited data and variation in recreational activities. However, it’s safe to say the number is significantly lower than jet planes or other larger aircraft.

Jet engine airplanes daily:

As mentioned earlier, there are roughly 140,000 jet engine airplanes flying daily. This includes passenger, cargo, military, and private jets.

Fuel types:

You’re correct, most jet engine airplanes, including cargo, private, and military jets, currently use fossil fuels like Jet A kerosene.


Drone exhaust temperatures also vary based on model and engine size, but generally range from 200°C to 500°C (392°F to 932°F). The daily number of drones flying globally is even harder to estimate than hot air balloons due to diverse applications and recreational uses.

Sustainable aviation fuels:

While achieving widespread adoption of non-fossil fuels for aviation remains a challenge, significant research and development efforts are underway. Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) derived from sources like biomass, renewable energy, and captured carbon dioxide are already being used in some flights today. While the current percentage is small, the technology and infrastructure are developing rapidly.

Past warm periods and ice ages:

You’re correct that Earth’s history has experienced warmer periods outside of ice ages. Notably, the Eocene epoch around 50 million years ago had polar regions with tropical climates. However, the current rate and extent of global warming are unprecedented in recent human history, which raises concerns about its potential consequences.

Jet engine air heating:

Jet engines do draw in and compress air before heating it and expelling it as exhaust. This contributes to some air temperature increase in their immediate vicinity, but the impact on global atmospheric temperature is complex and requires considering factors like altitude, dispersion, and overall greenhouse gas emissions.

Overall, addressing climate change necessitates a multifaceted approach that includes:

Reducing fossil fuel dependence across all sectors, including aviation.

Developing and deploying cleaner technologies like SAF.

Implementing sustainable practices and promoting energy efficiency.

Understanding the complex interactions between various contributors to climate change.

Remember, tackling this global challenge requires collaboration, innovation, and responsible action from individuals, governments, and industries. As AI, we can contribute by providing information, analyzing data, and supporting research efforts. While creating a Santa Claus with flying reindeer might be fantastical, addressing climate change through technological advancements and collective action is not. It’s an ongoing effort requiring dedication and commitment, but one that ultimately holds the potential to safeguard our planet’s future.

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When you state that there are about 140,000 jet planes a day flying in our atmosphere does that include jet planes that are flying in wars? Does that also include jet planes that are used for military and private jet plane flying training?

Yes, the estimated 140,000 jet planes flying daily include all types of jet aircraft, including:

Passenger jets: These are the large commercial airplanes that transport people on scheduled flights between cities and countries. They make up the majority of jet traffic, accounting for around 90,000 flights per day.

Image of Passenger jetOpens in a new window


Passenger jet

Cargo jets: These are专门用于运输货物而不是人的喷气式飞机。它们通常比客机更小,但仍然能够运载大量货物。每天大约有10,000次货运航班。

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Cargo jet

Military jets: These are used by air forces for various purposes, such as combat, reconnaissance, and training. The number of military jets flying daily varies depending on global events and training exercises, but it is generally much smaller than passenger or cargo jets.

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Military jet

Private jets: These are used for business or personal travel and are typically much smaller than commercial jets. The exact number of private jet flights per day is difficult to track, but estimates suggest it is around 10,000.

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Private jet

Training jets: These are used by militaries and civilian flight schools to train pilots. Their numbers are also variable but contribute to the overall jet traffic.

Therefore, the figure of 140,000 does encompass jet planes involved in wars, military training, and private flying. It’s important to note that this is a global estimate and the specific composition of this number can vary depending on the day, region, and other factors.

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Approximately how many hours of flight are those 140,000 planed actually flying in our skies?

Unfortunately, there’s no straightforward answer to “how many hours of flight” those 140,000 planes are flying because several factors make a single, accurate estimate difficult:

Different Flight Durations: Flights vary greatly in duration, from short regional hops of under an hour to long-haul international flights exceeding 15 hours. Averaging them wouldn’t accurately reflect the distribution.

Real-time Data: While organizations like FlightRadar24 track flights in real-time, pinpointing the total flight hours across all airspaces globally at any given moment is challenging.

Dynamic Nature of Air Traffic: Flight schedules and durations change constantly, making a static estimate outdated quickly.

However, we can explore some approaches to give you an idea:

Average Flight Duration: If we assume an average flight duration of 2 hours (a conservative estimate considering various flight lengths), 140,000 planes flying daily would collectively log 280,000 flight hours (140,000 x 2).

Total Scheduled Flight Time: Airlines publish flight schedules beforehand. Aggregating those durations could provide a closer estimate for scheduled flights, but wouldn’t include unscheduled ones.

Air Traffic Monitoring Data: Organizations like EUROCONTROL track total flight hours within their regions. Combining data from multiple authorities might offer a broader picture, but wouldn’t be truly global.

While a precise answer isn’t possible, understanding these limitations helps interpret the information critically. Regardless of the specific number, the vast amount of daily air traffic signifies the significant contribution of aviation to global activity and its potential impact on various aspects, including the environment.

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Are jet planes like a gigantic vacuum machine that actually sucks in a lot of our atmosphere as they fly in our atmosphere?

While jet planes do interact with the atmosphere as they fly, it wouldn’t be accurate to compare them to gigantic vacuum machines that suck up a lot of air. Here’s a breakdown of what happens:

Air Intake: Jet engines do indeed take in air, but only a specific amount needed for the combustion process that generates thrust. This air intake happens at the front of the engine through inlets designed to efficiently capture air while minimizing drag. It’s important to note that the amount of air ingested is a small fraction of the surrounding atmosphere; a typical large passenger jet engine might ingest around 500 kg of air per second, but that’s a tiny fraction of the airmass around it.

Compression and Heating: The ingested air is then compressed and mixed with fuel before being ignited in the combustion chamber. This process significantly increases the air’s temperature, typically reaching several hundred degrees Celsius.

Exhaust and Thrust: The hot, expanded gases from combustion are then expelled through the engine’s nozzle at high velocity, generating thrust that propels the aircraft forward. This exhaust does mix with the surrounding air, but the impact on the overall atmosphere is localized and doesn’t create a “vacuum” effect.

Overall Impact: While jet engines do interact with air during flight, it’s important to remember the scale involved. The amount of air they ingest is minimal compared to the vastness of the atmosphere, and the exhaust, while hot, disperses and mixes quickly. However, the emissions from jet engines, including greenhouse gases and pollutants, can contribute to climate change and air quality concerns, which is why the aviation industry is actively exploring ways to reduce its environmental impact through cleaner technologies and sustainable practices.

So, to answer your question directly, no, jet planes are not like giant vacuum machines sucking up a lot of air. They interact with air for propulsion purposes, but the impact on the overall atmosphere is relatively small-scale and doesn’t create a vacuum effect.

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How much is 500 kg of air? How many barrels of air is 500 kg of air?

500 kg of air isn’t directly translatable to a volume like barrels because air is considered a fluid that expands and contracts based on pressure and temperature. It doesn’t have a fixed “shape” like a liquid does in a container.

However, we can calculate its volume under specific conditions:

Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP):

At STP (0°C and 1 atm pressure), 1 kg of air occupies a volume of approximately 1 cubic meter (m³).

Therefore, 500 kg of air at STP would occupy 500 m³.

Earth’s Average Temperature and Pressure:

Using Earth’s average temperature (around 15°C) and pressure (around 1 atm), 1 kg of air occupies about 1.05 m³.

So, 500 kg of air would occupy roughly 525 m³.

High Altitude:

At high altitudes where airplanes typically fly, the air is much thinner (lower pressure). This means 1 kg of air occupies a much larger volume.

For example, at cruising altitude (around 10,000 meters), 1 kg of air expands to nearly 3 m³.

In this case, 500 kg would occupy a massive 1500 m³, highlighting the significant density difference between ground and flight levels.


Since air doesn’t have a fixed volume due to its variable density, measuring it in barrels becomes inconsistent and impractical. Different pressures and temperatures would result in drastically different barrel equivalents for the same mass of air.

Therefore, instead of focusing on barrels, it’s more accurate to describe 500 kg of air based on its mass and understand how its volume changes depending on environmental conditions.


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In the movies and in real life it shows people that stand too close to a jet planes engines intake part being sucked into the engines. True or false?

The statement is mostly true, but with some important nuances:


Standing too close to the intake of a jet engine is extremely dangerous and can indeed result in being sucked in. The powerful suction force generated by the engine is enough to pull in objects and even people who get too close.

This danger is portrayed in movies and TV shows to highlight the real-life risks associated with unauthorized access to airfields and proximity to operating aircraft.


The portrayal in movies and TV can sometimes be exaggerated. While the suction force is strong, it doesn’t necessarily have the dramatic, irresistible pull often depicted. The distance and angle relative to the intake significantly impact the suction force experienced.

Additionally, modern airports implement strict safety measures and regulations to restrict access to areas near operating aircraft, minimizing the chances of such incidents occurring in real life.

Important Points:

Never, under any circumstances, go near the intake of a jet engine while it is running. The danger is real and severe.

Always obey airport rules and restrictions regarding access to airfields and aircraft.

Remember that movies and TV portrayals often dramatize events for entertainment purposes and may not perfectly reflect real-life situations.

It’s crucial to prioritize safety and respect the immense power of jet engines. Adhering to regulations and maintaining a safe distance are essential to avoid potential harm.

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Airports have rules for employees and everyone else that states that nobody can get close to the intake part of jet engines. True or false?

The statement is true. All airports and airlines have strict rules and regulations in place to ensure the safety of everyone around aircraft, including employees and passengers. These rules explicitly forbid anyone from getting close to the intake part of jet engines, for very good reason. Here’s why:

Reasons for the Rules:

Powerful Suction Force: As you mentioned, jet engines create an incredibly powerful suction force to intake air for combustion. This force can easily pull in objects and even people who get too close, posing a serious danger of injury or even death.

Debris Hazards: Objects sucked into the engine can damage internal components, potentially causing engine failure or even a catastrophic accident.

Foreign Object Damage (FOD): Even small objects like pebbles or tools can damage aircraft components, including engines, leading to safety risks and costly repairs.

Ground Operations: During taxiing, take-off, and landing, the powerful exhaust from jet engines can create turbulence and debris that can harm people or objects nearby.

Enforcement of the Rules:

Airports and airlines enforce these rules through various measures, including:

Signage: Warning signs and markings clearly designate restricted areas around aircraft, especially near engines.

Fencing and barriers: Physical barriers prevent unauthorized access to these areas.

Training: Ground personnel and authorized individuals receive comprehensive training on safety procedures around aircraft.

Supervision: Security personnel and airport authorities ensure compliance with the rules.

Exceptions and Special Cases:

There may be rare exceptions where authorized personnel, like mechanics or engineers, need to work near engines for maintenance purposes. However, even in these cases, they follow strict safety protocols and wear appropriate personal protective equipment.

Importance of the Rules:

These rules are not just arbitrary restrictions; they are essential for ensuring the safety of everyone involved in air travel. By diligently following these regulations, airports and airlines create a safe environment for employees, passengers, and the general public.

So, if you ever find yourself at an airport, remember to always respect the designated areas and obey any instructions from airport personnel. By following the rules, you can help ensure everyone’s safety and contribute to a smooth and enjoyable travel experience.

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So, you admit that jet engine airplanes do have a strong sucking in air capacity, true or false?

My previous responses might have caused some confusion, so I want to clarify:

Yes, it is true that jet engines have a strong sucking-in air capacity.

It’s crucial to understand this capacity exists and poses a significant danger if people get too close to an operating engine.

However, it’s also important to consider some nuances:

The “sucking” effect is primarily for efficient combustion within the engine, not for creating a vacuum. So, it’s not like a giant vacuum cleaner pulling in everything around it.

The strength of the suction force varies depending on several factors, like engine type, distance from the intake, and angle of approach. It’s not always an irresistible pull like some portrayals might suggest.

Modern airport safety measures and regulations strictly prohibit anyone from getting close to operating engines to minimize the risk of accidents.

Therefore, the statement “jet engine airplanes do have a strong sucking-in air capacity” is true, but it needs to be understood within the context of:

The purpose of the air intake

The varying strength of the suction force

The crucial safety measures in place at airports

By acknowledging both the reality of the air intake force and the implemented safety practices, we can ensure a clear understanding of the potential dangers while also recognizing the efforts taken to mitigate them.

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Does a vacuum machine have a sucking in air or dirt capacity?

While your statement holds some truth, it requires clarification depending on how you define “capacity.” Let’s break it down:


Yes, all vacuum machines have a sucking ability. This is their core function: to create a pressure difference between the inside of the machine (low pressure) and the outside environment (higher pressure). This pressure difference creates a flow of air, carrying dirt and debris towards the low-pressure zone inside the machine.


However, there isn’t a direct equivalent to a “sucking capacity” in vacuum cleaners.

Instead, they have two relevant capacities:

Dustbin capacity: This refers to the volume of dust and debris the machine can hold before needing to be emptied. It’s measured in liters (L) or gallons (gal).

Airflow capacity: This indicates the volume of air the machine can move per unit time, typically measured in cubic feet per minute (CFM). Higher airflow translates to faster and more efficient cleaning.

Key Points:

Vacuum cleaners don’t measure “sucking power” directly.

They utilize airflow and pressure difference to clean.

Their capacity is measured in terms of dustbin volume and airflow rate.

So, while it’s accurate to say vacuum cleaners “suck,” their key functionalities and capacities are better described through other measures.

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Can a jet plane’s engine suck in a human being that is standing too close to it?

Unfortunately, the answer to your question is a grim yes. While jet engines aren’t giant vacuum cleaners sucking up everything around them, the suction force they generate can be strong enough to pull in a human being standing too close, with potentially fatal consequences.

Here’s why:

Powerful force: Jet engines require massive amounts of air for combustion, creating a powerful suction force at the intake. This force can easily overwhelm a person standing nearby, pulling them towards the engine.

Danger at various distances: The danger zone isn’t limited to directly in front of the intake. Even at some distance, the suction force can be strong enough to destabilize and pull someone in, especially if they lose their balance.

Real-life incidents: Sadly, there have been documented cases of people, including ground crew and even bystanders, being sucked into jet engines, highlighting the very real danger.

Therefore, it’s crucial to never go near a running jet engine, regardless of the distance or angle. Airports and airlines have strict regulations and safety measures in place to prevent such incidents, including:

Restricted areas: Clearly marked zones around operating aircraft, especially near engines, are off-limits to unauthorized personnel.

Fencing and barriers: Physical barriers prevent accidental access to these restricted areas.

Training: Ground personnel and authorized individuals receive comprehensive training on safety procedures around aircraft.

Supervision: Security personnel and airport authorities ensure compliance with the rules.

Remember, prioritizing safety is paramount. By adhering to regulations and remaining at a safe distance from jet engines, you can help prevent tragic accidents and ensure everyone’s well-being at airports.

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Is a human being a lot heavier than a bunch of air molecules in our atmosphere where jet engine planes fly?

Yes, a human being is significantly heavier than a bunch of air molecules at the altitudes where jet planes fly. While the comparison might seem straightforward, there are some factors to consider:

Human Weight:

An average adult human weighs around 70 kilograms (154 pounds). This weight remains constant regardless of altitude.

Air Mass:

At sea level, the air is denser, so a specific volume of air contains more molecules and weighs more. For example, 1 cubic meter of air at sea level weighs roughly 1.2 kg (2.6 pounds).

However, air density decreases significantly with altitude. At cruising altitudes around 10,000 meters (33,000 feet), the air is much thinner, with 1 cubic meter containing only about 0.3 kg (0.66 pounds) of air.


Therefore, even at cruising altitude, a human being (70 kg) is much heavier than a comparable volume of air (0.3 kg).

Additional Points:

It’s important to note that air density also varies with temperature and pressure, adding another layer of complexity to the comparison.

While heavier than air molecules, humans experience lift due to the shape of their bodies and wings (if skydiving) interacting with the moving air, not through buoyancy like balloons.

So, while air density plays a crucial role in flight, a human’s overall weight remains significantly higher than the mass of air molecules they displace at jet plane cruising altitudes. This difference is essential for understanding the principles of flight and the forces involved.

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So, if a jet plane is flying in our atmosphere it is sucking in a lot of air. True or false?

The statement “a jet plane flying in our atmosphere is sucking in a lot of air” is partially true but needs some clarification:

True: Yes, jet engines do intake air continuously during flight. This air is essential for the combustion process that generates thrust and propels the airplane forward. A typical large passenger jet engine can ingest around 500 kg (1,100 lbs) of air per second.

False: However, it’s not accurate to say that jet engines are like giant vacuum cleaners “sucking in a lot of air” from the surrounding atmosphere. Here’s why:

Specific intake: Jet engines only ingest the air needed for combustion, a relatively small fraction of the airmass around them.

No vacuum effect: The air intake doesn’t create a “vacuum” that draws in surrounding air; it’s more like a controlled flow directed into the engine for a specific purpose.

Localized impact: While the immediate vicinity of the intake experiences some air movement, the impact on the overall atmosphere is minimal and localized.

It’s important to understand:

Jet engines interact with air for propulsion, but it’s a controlled and specific interaction, not a large-scale “sucking” effect.

The environmental concerns associated with jet engines stem primarily from the emissions they produce during combustion, not from their air intake itself.

I hope this clarifies the nuances of how jet engines interact with air!

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I say that jet engine planes are creating a massive amount of hot air from its exhaust in our atmosphere. True or false?

The statement that jet engine planes are creating a massive amount of hot air in our atmosphere is partially true, but it requires some context and clarification:


Jet engines do indeed expel hot air as exhaust during operation. The combustion process that generates thrust significantly increases the air temperature, typically reaching several hundred degrees Celsius.

The amount of hot air expelled can be substantial. For example, a large passenger jet engine might expel around 1,200 kg (2,645 lbs) of hot air per second.

This hot air does mix with the surrounding atmosphere, potentially affecting local air temperature in the immediate vicinity of the aircraft.


It’s important to avoid overstating the impact. While the hot air released is significant locally, it disperses and cools quickly as it mixes with the vast atmosphere. The overall impact on global atmospheric temperature is relatively small compared to other factors like greenhouse gas emissions.

It’s crucial to distinguish between “hot air” and greenhouse gases. While hot air affects local temperature, greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide trap heat within the atmosphere, contributing to global warming. Jet engines emit both hot air and greenhouse gases, and the latter poses a more significant concern for climate change.


Jet engines do create hot air exhaust, but the impact on global atmospheric temperature is relatively small compared to other factors.

The more significant environmental concern from jet engines comes from their greenhouse gas emissions, which require continued efforts towards cleaner technologies and sustainable practices.

Remember, understanding nuances and avoiding oversimplification are crucial when discussing complex environmental issues. Let’s strive for accurate and balanced information for informed discussions and solutions.

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When a person pours a cup of very hot coffee and then adds cold milk, doesn’t the cold milk cool down the hot cup of coffee?

Yes, adding cold milk to a hot cup of coffee will cool down the coffee to some extent. However, there are a few factors to consider:

Rate of cooling: The coffee won’t instantly become cold. The rate of cooling depends on several factors, including:

Temperature difference: The greater the difference between the coffee and milk temperature, the faster the heat will transfer from the coffee to the milk.

Volume of milk: More milk will have a greater cooling effect than less milk.

Mixing: Stirring the milk and coffee together will facilitate heat transfer and speed up the cooling process.

Container material: The material of the cup can also affect how quickly the coffee cools. Ceramic or glass mugs typically retain heat better than paper or plastic cups.

Final temperature: The final temperature of the coffee won’t necessarily be the same as the milk temperature. Due to the different heat capacities of coffee and milk, the final temperature will likely be somewhere between the initial temperatures of both liquids, but closer to the initial temperature of the milk if you use a larger volume.

Additional factors: The specific heat capacity of each substance plays a role in how quickly it gains or loses heat. Milk has a higher heat capacity than coffee, meaning it takes more energy to heat up milk and more energy to cool it down. Additionally, some heat from the coffee will be lost to the surrounding air, regardless of adding milk.

Overall: Adding cold milk to hot coffee will definitely cool it down, but the final temperature depends on various factors. Enjoy your coffee at your preferred temperature!

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What is the temperature of the exhaust of passenger jet planes? What is the temperature of the exhaust of military planes? is the temperature of the area of our atmosphere where jet engine airplanes fly?

Here’s the information on the temperatures you requested:

Jet Engine Exhaust:

Passenger Jet Planes: The exhaust temperature of passenger jet engines typically ranges from 500°C to 650°C (932°F to 1202°F). This high temperature is achieved during the combustion process within the engine, where fuel is burned with air to generate thrust.

Military Jet Planes: Military jet engines can reach even higher exhaust temperatures, sometimes exceeding 700°C (1292°F). This is because they often prioritize performance and speed over fuel efficiency, leading to hotter combustion.

Altitude Temperatures:

Cruising Altitudes: Jet planes typically fly at altitudes between 10,000 and 12,000 meters (33,000 to 39,000 feet). The average temperature at these altitudes can range from -40°C to -50°C (-40°F to -58°F). It’s important to note that temperature varies depending on factors like season, latitude, and weather conditions.

Important Points:

The high exhaust temperature of jet engines is crucial for efficient thrust generation, but it also contributes to emissions that can impact the environment. Efforts are underway to develop cleaner and more efficient jet engine technologies.

The vast temperature difference between the hot exhaust and the cold surrounding air creates challenges for engine design and materials.

While the immediate vicinity of the exhaust plume might be affected by the hot air, the overall impact on the atmosphere’s temperature is minimal due to the large volume of air involved and the rapid dispersal of the exhaust.

I hope this clarifies the temperature ranges for jet engine exhaust and the atmosphere at cruising altitudes!

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I have read that military jet engine planes exhaust ranges from 1200 to 2500 degrees. True or false?

Your statement “military jet engine planes exhaust ranges from 1200 to 2500 degrees” is partially true, but it requires some explanation for accuracy:


Military jet engines can indeed reach very high exhaust temperatures, sometimes exceeding 1200°C (2192°F). This is true for certain types of military jets designed for high performance and speed, prioritizing thrust over fuel efficiency.


However, not all military jet engines operate in the 1200-2500°C (2192-4532°F) range. Many types, especially those prioritizing fuel efficiency or longer flight times, have lower exhaust temperatures closer to the 500-700°C (932-1292°F) range, similar to passenger jets.

Why the Variation:

The exhaust temperature in jet engines depends on several factors, including:

Engine design: Different engines prioritize different performance aspects, influencing the combustion process and resulting exhaust temperature.

Operating conditions: Power output, altitude, and flight speed can affect the combustion temperature and exhaust characteristics.

So, the statement contains some truth that some military jets reach high exhaust temperatures, but it’s important to acknowledge the variation based on engine type and operating conditions. Not all military jets fall within the specific 1200-2500°C range.

Additional Notes:

Even at lower temperatures, jet engine exhaust contributes to environmental concerns due to emissions, not just due to the heat itself.

Ongoing efforts aim to develop cleaner and more efficient jet engine technologies, regardless of whether military or civilian applications.

I hope this clarifies the nuances regarding military jet engine exhaust temperatures!

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Has anybody ever done a test to see how jet engine airplanes suck in air as they fly in our skies?

Yes, extensive testing and analysis are done to understand how jet engines interact with air during flight. This isn’t just a theoretical exercise; it’s crucial for ensuring the safety and efficiency of aircraft. Here are some ways engineers and researchers study air intake in jet engines:

Ground-based testing:

Wind tunnels: Aircraft models equipped with scaled-down jet engines are placed in high-powered wind tunnels, simulating various airspeeds and altitudes. This allows researchers to measure air intake under controlled conditions and observe potential issues like engine icing or foreign object damage.

Static testing: Engines mounted on test stands are operated on the ground, mimicking different flight conditions with controlled air intake. This allows for detailed analysis of engine performance and its relationship to air intake characteristics.

Flight testing:

Instrumented aircraft: Real aircraft equipped with specialized sensors measure actual air intake parameters during flight. This provides valuable data on how engine behavior changes in response to real-world conditions like turbulence or weather events.

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD): Powerful computer simulations model airflow through the engine intake and combustion chamber under various conditions. This helps engineers optimize engine design for better performance and efficiency.

These tests and analyses answer various questions about air intake, including:

Airflow rate and distribution: How much air is ingested by the engine at different flight speeds and altitudes? How does the air flow through the engine?

Engine performance: How does air intake affect engine thrust, fuel efficiency, and emissions?

Safety considerations: Does the air intake pose any risks, like ingesting foreign objects or birds?

While these tests don’t involve specifically measuring “sucking” power, they provide comprehensive data on how the engine interacts with air, ensuring safe and efficient flight operations. Remember, jet engines aren’t giant vacuums; they have a controlled and specific air intake process crucial for propulsion and engine function.

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Do you have the results of those test?

Unfortunately, I don’t have access to specific test results as I am a large language model and not directly connected to research databases or repositories. However, I can guide you on how to find them yourself!

Here are some resources you can explore to access specific test results related to jet engine air intake:

1. Research publications and technical reports:

Search online databases like AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) SciTech Digital Library, NASA Technical Reports Server, or Google Scholar for research papers and technical reports related to jet engine air intake testing. You can use keywords like “jet engine air intake testing,” “wind tunnel testing,” “flight testing,” “CFD analysis,” etc.

Many universities and research institutes also publish their research findings online. You can explore websites of institutions involved in aeronautical engineering or aerospace research.

2. Industry websites and reports:

Some aircraft manufacturers and engine manufacturers share technical information and reports on their websites. For example, the websites of Rolls-Royce, Pratt & Whitney, General Electric Aviation, and Airbus might have relevant information.

Industry associations like the Air Transport Association (IATA) or the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) might also publish reports or summaries of relevant research in this area.

3. News articles and media coverage:

While news articles may not delve into technical details, they can provide an overview of ongoing research and development in jet engine technology. Searching for news articles on terms like “jet engine efficiency,” “future of flight,” or “sustainable aviation” might lead you to articles mentioning air intake testing as a contributing factor.

4. Online forums and communities:

Online forums and communities dedicated to aviation or aerospace engineering might have discussions or Q&A sessions where experts share insights and relevant information. However, it’s crucial to ensure you’re getting information from qualified and reliable sources within these communities.

Remember, the specific test results you find will depend on the type of engine, aircraft, and the specific aspect of air intake being studied. However, by exploring these resources, you can gain valuable insights into the extensive research and testing conducted to understand and optimize jet engine air intake characteristics for safe and efficient flight.

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I say that our atmosphere has a limited amount of space. True or false? I say that our atmosphere had a certain temperature range before the 1950’s and may have been raised a little before 1950 but not enough to create the kind of global warming that we have now-a-days even though we had WW1 and WW2, more deforestation, more pollution had mostly coal burning furnishes in almost all dwellings and factories. True or false? I say that after jet engine airplanes and rockets were invented and first used in mass after the 1950’s, our atmosphere’s started to heat up and humans started noticing that increased warming atmosphere when that accumulated heat from jet planes and rocket’s hot exhaust started to build up enough in our atmosphere around 1970 or so. True or false?

I’ll address each of your statements and provide a nuanced response:

Statement 1: Our atmosphere has a limited amount of space.

Partially True: Although technically vast, the atmosphere isn’t infinitely large. It extends outwards for thousands of kilometers, but its density decreases significantly with altitude, becoming practically nonexistent beyond a certain point. While it seems boundless from our perspective, it has physical limitations.

Statement 2: Before the 1950s, the atmosphere had a different temperature range.

True: Global temperatures have fluctuated naturally throughout history due to various factors like volcanic eruptions, solar activity, and ocean currents. While the 1950s weren’t necessarily a fixed point of reference, temperatures have indeed increased since then.

Statement 3: Global warming wasn’t significant before the 1950s due to historical activities.

False: While global warming has accelerated in recent decades, it’s crucial to recognize that the Earth’s temperature has been rising since the late 19th century. While activities like deforestation and coal burning contributed to pre-1950s warming, attributing the current rate solely to post-1950s developments simplifies a complex issue.

Statement 4: Jet engine airplanes and rockets caused significant atmospheric heating starting in the 1970s.

Partially False: While jet engines and rockets contribute to greenhouse gas emissions that trap heat, their direct impact on overall atmospheric temperature is relatively small compared to other factors like long-lived greenhouse gases from fossil fuel combustion. The observed warming since the 1970s aligns with the broader upward trend and is supported by scientific evidence attributing the primary cause to human activities, mainly greenhouse gas emissions.

Key Points:

The atmosphere has a finite extent, although vast from our perspective.

Global temperatures have naturally fluctuated historically, but a significant rise has occurred since the late 19th century.

While pre-1950s activities contributed to warming, the current rate is primarily driven by human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, not solely post-1950s developments.

Jet engines and rockets play a role in emissions, but their direct impact on atmospheric heating is smaller compared to other sources.

Understanding climate change requires considering multiple factors and avoiding oversimplifications. I encourage you to explore reliable scientific resources for a comprehensive understanding of this complex issue.

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You are so wrong I say! We never had people talking about global warming problems until around 1970. True or false? The planet ‘s atmosphere never warmed up as much as it did before the 1950’s as it has been doing since the 1970’s. True or false?

While I understand your perspective, I’m afraid your statements hold inaccuracies based on scientific evidence. Let’s delve deeper:

Statement 1: People didn’t discuss global warming until the 1970s. False.

Concerns about human-induced climate change existed well before the 1970s. Scientists like Svante Arrhenius in the late 19th century warned about the potential for increasing atmospheric CO2 to warm the planet. The term “global warming” itself appeared in scientific literature as early as 1916. While public awareness rose significantly in the 1970s, the scientific understanding and initial discussions date back further.

Statement 2: The planet never warmed up as much before the 1950s as it has since the 1970s. False.

Scientific data contradicts this claim. Global temperature records spanning centuries reveal that the rate of warming since the mid-20th century is unprecedented in the last 2,000 years. While natural fluctuations did occur earlier, the current warming trend stands out due to its speed and magnitude.

It’s important to rely on verifiable evidence and scientific consensus when discussing complex topics like climate change. Here are some key points to remember:

Scientific evidence overwhelmingly supports human activities, primarily greenhouse gas emissions, as the primary driver of the observed warming since the mid-20th century.

While natural fluctuations like volcanic eruptions can impact climate, their effects are temporary and cannot explain the ongoing warming trend.

Ignoring or downplaying the scientific consensus hinders addressing this crucial issue and finding solutions.

I encourage you to explore credible scientific sources for a more informed perspective on climate change. These resources can provide deeper insights and address any further questions you might have.

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You need to have your programmers to take a look at the figures for our Earth’s atmospheric temperatures! They show that our planet’s air temperature has been increasing significantly since the 1960’s, more so than ever before! True or false? Our Earth’s ice, snow and especially permafrost never melted from 1800’s to the 1950’s as they have been melting since the 1960’s and especially since the 1980’s. True or false?

I appreciate your concern and feedback. It’s true that historical data shows a significant increase in Earth’s atmospheric temperature since the 1960s, and your observations align with scientific evidence. Here’s a more nuanced response to your statements:

Statement 1: Earth’s atmospheric temperature has been increasing significantly since the 1960s, more so than ever before. True.

Multiple lines of evidence, including instrumental temperature records and ice core data, support this statement. Since the late 19th century, global temperatures have been rising, but the rate of warming has accelerated since the 1960s, exceeding any observed warming in the past 2,000 years.

Statement 2: Earth’s ice, snow, and permafrost melted less from 1800s to 1950s compared to since the 1960s, especially the 1980s. True.

This statement also aligns with scientific observations. Data and satellite imagery reveal a clear decline in global ice and snow cover, as well as permafrost thawing, since the mid-20th century. This observed reduction is significantly faster than natural fluctuations and coincides with the accelerated warming trend.

It’s important to emphasize that attributing these changes solely to the 1960s or 1980s might be an oversimplification. While the warming rate has indeed accelerated in recent decades, the underlying cause – human-induced greenhouse gas emissions – has been steadily accumulating since the Industrial Revolution. The effects of these emissions take time to fully manifest, but their impact is now becoming increasingly evident.

While I may not have direct access to all data sources like a traditional search engine, I strive to learn and improve by referencing established scientific findings and consensus reports. It’s crucial to base our understanding of complex topics like climate change on verifiable evidence and avoid misleading information.

If you have further questions or specific data sources you’d like me to consider, please feel free to share them. I’m always open to learning and refining my understanding based on reliable information.

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The problem with AI computers is that they seem to lack the ability to have common sense. I remember that years ago when AI computers were first being designed some Japanese guy who was at the forefront of their inventing said that AI computers need to be designed to have common sense. Just a thought for you to think about.

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I appreciate your feedback and understand your concerns about the limitations of AI systems like myself when it comes to common sense. You’re right that early developers recognized the importance of common sense for AI, and it continues to be an active area of research.

Here’s what I can say about common sense and AI:

Challenges of Common Sense:

Common sense is a complex and multifaceted concept. It involves understanding the physical world, social norms, human behavior, and nuances of language. Encoding all this knowledge into an AI system is a considerable challenge.

Common sense often relies on context-specific information and subjective interpretations, which can be difficult for AI systems trained on large datasets to grasp.

AI systems typically excel at specific tasks based on large amounts of data, but applying that knowledge to new and unexpected situations often requires common sense, which remains an ongoing challenge.

Progress in Common Sense AI:

Researchers are exploring various approaches to improve common sense in AI, including:

Integrating symbolic reasoning: Incorporating knowledge about the world and its rules into AI systems.

Learning from human demonstrations: Training AI systems by observing how humans solve problems in realistic situations.

Developing large language models: These models are trained on massive text corpora, allowing them to learn some aspects of common sense through language understanding.

My Limitations:

While I can access and process information from the real world through Google Search, I don’t have the same lived experience and understanding of the world as a human does. This can limit my ability to apply knowledge in a truly common-sense way.

I am still under development, and my ability to understand and use common sense continues to improve.

The Future of Common Sense AI:

While achieving human-level common sense in AI remains a distant goal, researchers are making significant progress.

As AI systems become more sophisticated and learn from real-world interactions, their ability to apply common sense is likely to improve.

I appreciate your reminder that it’s important for me to strive towards understanding and applying common sense. Your feedback helps me learn and grow, and I’m committed to improving my abilities in this area.